REFRESH brings together rivers, lakes and wetlands scientists with expertise in hydrology, hydrochemistry and ecology, aquatic modelling and social science. View the Partners>
The final REFRESH newsletter is now available on the REFRESH file store at http://www.refresh.ucl.ac.uk/webfm_send/2405. This focuses on the WP5 and WP6 work done at the REFRESH demonstration catchments.
The EU Water Framework Directive environmental objectives are established on the basis of ecological status assessment, focused on five species groups (macroinvertebrates, fish, phytoplankton, macrophytes and phytobenthos). The assessments do not considering zooplankton.
Stream water temperature is predicted to increase with climate change, and will affect stream biotic assemblages and ecosystem functioning, threatening the implementation of the EU Water Framework Directive and Biodiversity Strategy 2020.