Policy Brief 1: Zooplankton-an integrative Biological Quality Element for assessing the Ecological Status of lakes

SciPol1The EU Water Framework Directive environmental objectives are established on the basis of ecological status assessment, focused on five species groups (macroinvertebrates, fish, phytoplankton, macrophytes and phytobenthos). The assessments do not considering zooplankton. REFRESH has demonstrated that zooplankton is an important, integrative and cost-efficient indicator of the ecological quality of lakes and of recovery after restoration. We recommend that zooplankton metrics be included among mandatory biological quality elements for lakes as this will improve our capacity for lake management under future climate and land use changes.
Link http://www.refresh.ucl.ac.uk/webfm_send/2240