FP7 WISER (2009-2012) Water bodies in Europe: Integrative Systems to assess Ecological status and Recovery ( The EU-funded project WISER includes 15 of the partners in REFRESH (including the Co-ordinator UDE). It is concerned with the development and intercalibration of assessment systems for the implementation of the WFD. WISER and REFRESH are complementary. WISER will deal with the assessment methodologies required urgently by member states at the present time for WFD implementation. 


FP7 BIOFRESH (2010-2014) Biodiversity of Freshwater Ecosystems: Status, Trends, Pressures and Conservation Priorities ( The EU-funded project BIOFRESH is co-ordinated by Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries, one of the partners in REFRESH. It aims to build a global information platform for scientists and ecosystem managers with access to all available databases describing the distribution, status and trends of global freshwater biodiversity.


FP7 SCENES (2006-2010) Water scenarios for Europe and neighbouring countries ( SCENES is developing and analysing a set of comprehensive scenarios of Europe's freshwater futures up to 2025. The project is co-ordinated by SYKE (co-leader of WP5 on integrated modelling in REFRESH) with four other partners also involved. REFRESH will use output from SCENES in developing scenarios and storylines in WP1, a task co-ordinated by Deltares who are leading the analysis of impacts in SCENES.


FP7 ENSEMBLES (2004-2009) ( developed an ensemble prediction system for climate change based on the principal state-of-the-art, high resolution, global and regional Earth System models quantified and reduced the uncertainty in the representation of physical, chemical, biological and human-related feedbacks in the Earth System and linked the outputs of the ensemble prediction system to a range of applications, including agriculture, health, food security, energy, water resources, insurance and weather risk management (www. REFRESH will use scenarios based on ENSEMBLES to provide modellers with precipitation and temperature projections at each of the case study sites. 


The Water Resources and Freshwater Biodiversity Adaptation Research Network ( brings together Australia's top water scientists with interests and skills in water resources and freshwater biodiversity, and the implications of climate change. REFRESH has established close links with the network and has participated in the 2010 Climate Adaptation Future Conference and a Freshwater Biodiversity Adaptation retreat in Queensland. The convenor of the Network, Professor Stuart Bunn (Director, Australian Rivers Institute, Griffith University) is also involved in REFRESH.

The Centre for Regional Change in the Earth System (CRES) ( seeks to establish a coordinated research effort of high relevance to societal preparedness for climate change and to enhance Denmark's contribution to international climate change research. CRES aims to reach out beyond its core group and create new national and international synergies between current and planned research activities in climate research and adjacent fields. REFRESH, through the involvement of Aarhus University as a core partner in the CRES consortium and UCL as an associate partner has close links with the Centre.

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Climate Adaptation-modelling water scenarios and sectoral impacts. The European Commission's White Paper on Adaptation (2009) recognises that adaptation is already happening in Europe, but in a piecemeal manner. This project addresses a number of the strategic issues and knowledge gaps identified in the White Paper. In its whole, the project results represent a series of tools which shall help improve the quality of adaptation measures, the knowledge base, and facilitate the exchange of adaptation best practice between countries and regions. Stakeholder feedback is a key component of this project to ensure that your needs and opinions are adequately reflected; your feedback on the workshop subjects is much appreciated.