The REFRESH web site will provide comprehensive access to Project results. These will be made publicly available as soon as possible. A range of other dissemination materials will be produced, some generally available and some for targeted distribution. A major component of dissemination will be the direct engagement of stakeholders at local, regional, national and international scale. We will translate the results from REFRESH in a way that is meaningful for management and policy.
The Project web site contains both public and Project-specific private components. The primary function of the public part will be to disseminate the results of the Project (including details of the work programme and news from the Project).
REFRESH will produce information in a range of formats including a series of guides to freshwater science focusing on specific climate change themes (e.g. drought effects, temperature driven nutrient enrichment, biodiversity impacts). Popular articles will be written as key results emerge from the Project to meet the demand for delivery of outputs to audiences beyond other scientists. A periodic newsletter will be circulated quarterly throughout the life of the Project highlighting plans, results, links and other useful information. REFRESH will also contribute to existing e-newsletters e.g. European Water Newsletter and DG Environment News Alert Service 'Science for Environmental Policy'.
The new information generated by REFRESH will inform the development of adaptation strategies in response to climate change and thus facilitate the implementation of the WFD and HD at European, national, regional and local levels.
The full engagement of stakeholders will be required for this to succeed. The foundations for this will be laid at the outset. We will present results from REFRESH in a way that ensures that the new information can be applied in a meaningful way to the management of freshwater resources. Two approaches will be used;
(i) stakeholder workshops - there are a growing number of initiatives focusing on water management and climate change impacts being developed across Europe. These initiatives have largely developed from local action and many have not had the opportunity to share the knowledge gained. From existing research and experience we are aware of a demand for this type of knowledge exchange and the establishment of a practitioners' network. Having incorporated stakeholders into the development of a range of scenarios, in particular land-use and management strategies we will then disseminate the results of REFRESH directly to the most appropriate stakeholders. REFRESH will be a presence at policy oriented meetings and workshops organised by EU, EEA and other organisations. At the regional scale, four workshops will be held in the UK, Norway, Estonia and Turkey and bring together members of the freshwater community, representing a wide spectrum of interests - scientists, conservation and regulatory agencies, NGOs and water companies to assess progress with understanding the impacts of climate change on freshwaters and, in particular, the implications for adaptation, mitigation and restoration strategies. Funds will be available to support stakeholder attendance at these meetings.
(ii) best-practice strategy documents - REFRESH will produce a series of management oriented best-practice strategy documents. These will provide policy makers and managers with a series of options under various future scenarios for different ecosystem types across different ecoregions. They will highlight management options based on predicted effects and cost-effectiveness of response within a policy context.
We will synthesise the output from those demonstration catchments where cost-effectiveness studies are undertaken. The aim is to highlight the principles of adaptation, mitigation and restoration measures including the science underpinning the approach, the cost-effectiveness of these and the policy implications, based on worked examples. For each of the demonstration catchments a series of storylines will be generated based on different management responses to changing climate, land-use, and deposition scenarios.
These will be presented as stakeholder targeted reports and also feature as dedicated pages on the Project Web site (link to follow).
The results from REFRESH will be translated into a series of policy oriented outputs for DG Environment, EEA, national legislative bodies and land managers etc. The primary focus of this will be the WFD and the HD, although key results may and should have an impact, not only on these environmental policies but also other policy fields, e.g. agriculture policy (CAP reforms), energy policy and industrial policy. Towards the end of the Project a position paper will be produced targeting policy makers which synthesises project outputs with clearly specified policy implications of key results.